Publication Ethics

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. So, authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal and ultimately the entire scientific endeavor. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which includes:

  • · the manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration;
  • · the manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns; an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism");
  • · a single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time;
  • · no data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions;
  • · no data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the authors own (“plagiarism”).

Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.


Important note: the journal use software to screen for plagiarism.

  • · Consent to submit has been received from all co-authors and responsible authorities at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out before the work is submitted.
  • · Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.

In addition:

  • · Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
  • · Requests to add or delete authors at revision stage or after publication is a serious matter, and may be considered only after receipt of written approval from all authors and detailed explanation about the role/deletion of the new/deleted author. The decision on accepting the change rests with the Editor-in-Chief of the journal.
  • · upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc.